5-Phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2(3H)-ones Are Potent Inhibitors of Notum Carboxylesterase Activity Identified by the Optimization of a Crystallographic Fragment Screening Hit
Authors listWilliam Mahy Nicky J Willis Yuguang Zhao Hannah L Woodward Fredrik Svensson James Sipthorp Luca Vecchia Reinis R Ruza James Hillier Svend Kjaer Sarah Frew Amy Monaghan Magda Bictash Patricia C Salinas Paul Whiting Jean-Paul Vincent E Yvonne Jones Paul V Fish
Carboxylesterase Notum is a negative regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway. There is an emerging understanding of the role Notum plays in disease, supporting the need to discover new small-molecule inhibitors. A crystallographic X-ray fragment screen was performed, which identified fragment hit 1,2,3-triazole 7 as an attractive starting point for a structure-based drug design hit-to-lead program. Optimization of 7 identified oxadiazol-2-one 23dd as a preferred example with properties consistent with drug-like chemical space. Screening 23dd in a cell-based TCF/LEF reporter gene assay restored the activation of Wnt signaling in the presence of Notum. Mouse pharmacokinetic studies with oral administration of 23dd demonstrated good plasma exposure and partial blood-brain barrier penetration. Significant progress was made in developing fragment hit 7 into lead 23dd (>600-fold increase in activity), making it suitable as a new chemical tool for exploring the role of Notum-mediated regulation of Wnt signaling.
Journal Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number 21
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Publisher website (DOI) 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.0c01391
Europe PubMed Central 33124429