A DNA replication fork-centric view of the budding yeast DNA damage response

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The DNA damage response (DDR) checkpoint is activated when DNA is damaged or when DNA replication forks stall. The DDR checkpoint plays a critical role in preserving the integrity of stalled replication forks; this is essential for subsequent fork resumption, faithful and complete genome replication, and cell survival. The mechanisms by which the DDR checkpoint preserves stalled replication forks are still incompletely understood. Many substrates of the DDR checkpoint kinases have been identified over the years, but in many cases the functional consequences of phosphorylation are still unclear. Emerging as a complementary approach, recent advances in biochemical reconstitution of DNA replication have made it possible to characterise specific mechanisms of DNA replication regulation by the DDR checkpoint. In this review, we discuss the role of DNA replication in the activation of the DDR checkpoint and how this checkpoint regulates different aspects of DNA replication. We then distinguish between checkpoint action locally at the site of replication stalling and more globally, and we discuss how these functions contribute to coordinating complete replication of the genome in the face of replication stress.

Journal details

Journal DNA Repair
Volume 119
Pages 103393
Available online
Publication date