A new class of ultrafine anaphase bridges generated by homologous recombinationMore about Open Access at the Crick
Ultrafine anaphase bridges (UFBs) are a potential source of genome instability that is a hallmark of cancer. UFBs can arise from DNA catenanes at centromeres/rDNA loci, late replication intermediates induced by replication stress, and DNA linkages at telomeres. Recently, it was reported that DNA intertwinements generated by homologous recombination give rise to a new class of UFBs, which have been termed homologous recombination ultrafine bridges (HR-UFBs). HR-UFBs are decorated with PICH and BLM in anaphase, and are subsequently converted to RPA-coated, single-stranded DNA bridges. Breakage of these sister chromatid entanglements leads to DNA damage that can be repaired by non-homologous end joining in the next cell cycle, but the potential consequences include DNA rearrangements, chromosome translocations and fusions. Visualisation of these HR-UFBs, and knowledge of how they arise, provides a molecular basis to explain how upregulation of homologous recombination or failure to resolve recombination intermediates leads to the development of chromosomal instability observed in certain cancers.
Journal Cell Cycle
Issue number 17