A non-canonical role for the proneural gene Neurog1 as a negative regulator of neocortical neurogenesisMore about Open Access at the Crick
Authors listSisu Han Daniel J Dennis Anjali Balakrishnan Rajiv Dixit Olivier Britz Dawn Zinyk Yacine Touahri Thomas Olender Marjorie Brand Francois Guillemot Deborah Kurrasch Carol Schuurmans
Neural progenitors undergo temporal identity transitions to sequentially generate the neuronal and glial cells that make up the mature brain. Proneural genes have well-characterised roles in promoting neural cell differentiation and subtype specification, but they also regulate the timing of identity transitions through poorly understood mechanisms. Here, we investigated how the highly related proneural genes and interact to control the timing of neocortical neurogenesis. We found that acts in an atypical fashion as it is required to suppress rather than promote neuronal differentiation in early corticogenesis. In neocortices, early born neurons differentiate in excess, whereas, , progenitors have a decreased propensity to proliferate and form neurospheres Instead, progenitors preferentially generate neurons, a phenotype restricted to the progenitor pool. Mechanistically, Neurog1 and Neurog2 heterodimerise, and while and individually promote neurogenesis, misexpression together blocks this effect. Finally, is also required to induce the expression of neurogenic factors ( and ) and to repress the expression of neuronal differentiation genes ( and ). thus employs different mechanisms to temper the pace of early neocortical neurogenesis.
Issue number 19