Chaperone function of Hgh1 in the biogenesis of eukaryotic elongation factor 2
Authors listLeonie Mönkemeyer Courtney L Klaips David Balchin Roman Körner F Ulrich Hartl Andreas Bracher
Eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF2) is an abundant and essential component of the translation machinery. The biogenesis of this 93 kDa multi-domain protein is assisted by the chaperonin TRiC/CCT. Here, we show in yeast cells that the highly conserved protein Hgh1 (FAM203 in humans) is a chaperone that cooperates with TRiC in eEF2 folding. In the absence of Hgh1, a substantial fraction of newly synthesized eEF2 is degraded or aggregates. We solved the crystal structure of Hgh1 and analyzed the interaction of wild-type and mutant Hgh1 with eEF2. These experiments revealed that Hgh1 is an armadillo repeat protein that binds to the dynamic central domain III of eEF2 via a bipartite interface. Hgh1 binding recruits TRiC to the C-terminal eEF2 module and prevents unproductive interactions of domain III, allowing efficient folding of the N-terminal GTPase module. eEF2 folding is completed upon dissociation of TRiC and Hgh1.