Chemical genetic identification of GAK substrates reveals its role in regulating Na+/K+-ATPase

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Cyclin G-associated kinase (GAK) is a ubiquitous serine/threonine kinase that facilitates clathrin uncoating during vesicle trafficking. GAK phosphorylates a coat adaptor component, AP2M1, to help achieve this function. GAK is also implicated in Parkinson's disease through genome-wide association studies. However, GAK's role in mammalian neurons remains unclear, and insight may come from identification of further substrates. Employing a chemical genetics method, we show here that the sodium potassium pump (Na/K-ATPase) α-subunit Atp1a3 is a GAK target and that GAK regulates Na/K-ATPase trafficking to the plasma membrane. Whole-cell patch clamp recordings from CA1 pyramidal neurons in GAK conditional knockout mice show a larger change in resting membrane potential when exposed to the Na/K-ATPase blocker ouabain, indicating compromised Na/K-ATPase function in GAK knockouts. Our results suggest a modulatory role for GAK via phosphoregulation of substrates such as Atp1a3 during cargo trafficking.

Journal details

Volume 1
Issue number 6
Pages e201800118
Available online
Publication date