Engraftment of human hematopoietic cells in biomaterials implanted in immunodeficient mouse models
Over the last 20 years, significant progress has been made in the development of immunodeficient mouse models that now represents the gold standard tool in stem cell biology research. The latest major improvement has been the use of biomaterials in these xenogeneic mouse models to generate human "bone marrow like" tissues, which not only provides a more relevant xenograft model but can also potentially enable us to delineate the interactions that are specific between human bone marrow cells. There are a number of biomaterials and strategies to create humanized niches in immunodeficient mouse models, and the methods can also differ significantly among various research institutes. Here, we describe a protocol to create a humanized 3D collagen-based scaffold human niche in immunodeficient mouse model(s). This humanized in vivo model provides a powerful technique for understanding the human BM microenvironment and the role it plays in the regulation of normal as well as malignant hematopoiesis.