Genome-wide screen for cell growth regulators in fission yeast

Journal Article: Journal of Cell ScienceYear Published: (2017) Volume Number: 130, Article Number: 2049-2055

Authors

Weston,Louise; Greenwood,Jessica; Nurse,Paul

Cellular growth control is important for all living organisms, but experimental investigation into this problem is difficult because of the complex range of growth regulatory mechanisms. Here, we have used the fission yeast to identify potential master regulators of growth. At the restrictive temperature, the strain enters the meiotic developmental program, but arrests in meiotic G2 phase as is essential for meiotic progression. These cells do not grow, even in an abundance of nutrients. To identify regulators of growth that can reverse this growth arrest, we introduced an ORFeome plasmid library into the strain. Overexpression of eight genes promoted cell growth; two of these were core RNA polymerase subunits, and one was , an S6 kinase thought to contribute to TORC1 signalling. Sck2 had the greatest effect on cell growth, and we also show that it significantly increases the cellular transcription rate. These findings indicate, for the first time, that global transcriptional control mediated through S6 kinase signalling is central to cellular growth control.