Histone acetyltransferase KAT2A stabilizes pluripotency with control of transcriptional heterogeneity
Authors listNaomi Moris Shlomit Edri Denis Seyres Rashmi Kulkarni Ana Filipa Domingues Tina Balayo Mattia Frontini Cristina Pina
Cell fate transitions in mammalian stem cell systems have often been associated with transcriptional heterogeneity; however, existing data have failed to establish a functional or mechanistic link between the two phenomena. Experiments in unicellular organisms support the notion that transcriptional heterogeneity can be used to facilitate adaptability to environmental changes and have identified conserved chromatin-associated factors that modulate levels of transcriptional noise. Herein, we show destabilization of pluripotency-associated gene regulatory networks through increased transcriptional heterogeneity of mouse embryonic stem cells in which paradigmatic histone acetyl-transferase, and candidate noise modulator, Kat2a (yeast orthologue Gcn5), have been inhibited. Functionally, network destabilization associates with reduced pluripotency and accelerated mesendodermal differentiation, with increased probability of transitions into lineage commitment. Thus, we show evidence of a relationship between transcriptional heterogeneity and cell fate transitions through manipulation of the histone acetylation landscape of mouse embryonic stem cells, suggesting a general principle that could be exploited in other normal and malignant stem cell fate transitions. Stem Cells 2018;36:1828-11.