inSPIRE: An open-source tool for increased mass spectrometry identification rates using Prosit spectral prediction

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Rescoring of mass spectrometry (MS) search results using spectral predictors can strongly increase Peptide Spectrum Match (PSM) identification rates. This approach is particularly effective when aiming to search MS data against large databases, for example when dealing with non-specific cleavage in immunopeptidomics or inflation of the reference database for noncanonical peptide identification. Here, we present inSPIRE (in silico Spectral Predictor Informed REscoring), a flexible and performant open-source rescoring pipeline built on Prosit MS spectral prediction, which is compatible with common database search engines. inSPIRE allows large scale rescoring with data from multiple MS search files, increases sensitivity to minor differences in amino acid residue position, and can be applied to various MS sample types, including tryptic proteome digestions and immunopeptidomes. inSPIRE boosts PSM identification rates in immunopeptidomics, leading to better performance than the original Prosit rescoring pipeline, as confirmed by benchmarking of inSPIRE performance on ground truth datasets. The integration of various features in the inSPIRE backbone further boosts the PSM identification in immunopeptidomics, with a potential benefit for the identification of noncanonical peptides.

Journal details

Volume 21
Issue number 12
Pages 100432
Available online
Publication date

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