Mutually exclusive genetic interactions and gene essentiality shape the genomic landscape of primary melanoma

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Melanoma is a heterogeneous malignancy with an unpredictable clinical course. Most patients who present in the clinic are diagnosed with primary melanoma, yet large-scale sequencing efforts have focused primarily on metastatic disease. In this study we sequence-profiled 524 AJCC Stage I-III primary tumours. Our analysis of these data reveals recurrent driver mutations, mutually exclusive genetic interactions, where two genes were never or rarely co-mutated, and an absence of co-occurring genetic events. Further, we intersected copy number calls from our primary melanoma data with whole-genome CRISPR screening data to identify the transcription factor IRF4 as a melanoma-associated dependency. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Volume 259
Issue number 1
Pages 56-68
Available online
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