Origins and genetic legacy of prehistoric dogsMore about Open Access at the Crick
Authors listAnders Bergstrom Laurent Frantz Ryan Schmidt Erik Ersmark Ophelie Lebrasseur Linus Girdland-Flink Audrey T Lin Jan Storå Karl-Göran Sjögren David Anthony Ekaterina Antipina Sarieh Amiri Guy Bar-Oz Vladimir I Bazaliiskii Jelena Bulatović Dorcas Brown Alberto Carmagnini Tom Davy Sergey Fedorov Ivana Fiore Deirdre Fulton Mietje Germonpré James Haile Evan K Irving-Pease Alexandra Jamieson Luc Janssens Irina Kirillova Liora Kolska Horwitz Julka Kuzmanovic-Cvetković Yaroslav Kuzmin Robert J Losey Daria Ložnjak Dizdar Marjan Mashkour Mario Novak Vedat Onar David Orton Maja Pasarić Miljana Radivojević Dragana Rajković Benjamin Roberts Hannah Ryan Mikhail Sablin Fedor Shidlovskiy Ivana Stojanović Antonio Tagliacozzo Katerina Trantalidou Inga Ullén Aritza Villaluenga Paula Wapnish Keith Dobney Anders Götherström Anna Linderholm Love Dalén Ron Pinhasi Greger Larson Pontus Skoglund
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Dogs were the first domestic animal, but little is known about their population history and to what extent it was linked to humans. We sequenced 27 ancient dog genomes and found that all dogs share a common ancestry distinct from present-day wolves, with limited gene flow from wolves since domestication but substantial dog-to-wolf gene flow. By 11,000 years ago, at least five major ancestry lineages had diversified, demonstrating a deep genetic history of dogs during the Paleolithic.
Coanalysis with human genomes reveals aspects of dog population history that mirror humans, including Levant-related ancestry in Africa and early agricultural Europe. Other aspects differ, including the impacts of steppe pastoralist expansions in West and East Eurasia and a near-complete turnover of Neolithic European dog ancestry.
Issue number 6516