Oxonium ion scanning mass spectrometry for large-scale plasma glycoproteomicsMore about Open Access at the Crick
Authors listMatthew EH White Ludwig R Sinn D Marc Jones Joost de Folter Simran Aulakh Ziyue Wang Helen R Flynn Lynn Krüger Pinkus Tober-Lau Vadim Demichev Florian Kurth Michael Mülleder Véronique Blanchard Christoph Messner Markus Ralser
Protein glycosylation, a complex and heterogeneous post-translational modification that is frequently dysregulated in disease, has been difficult to analyse at scale. Here we report a data-independent acquisition technique for the large-scale mass-spectrometric quantification of glycopeptides in plasma samples. The technique, which we named 'OxoScan-MS', identifies oxonium ions as glycopeptide fragments and exploits a sliding-quadrupole dimension to generate comprehensive and untargeted oxonium ion maps of precursor masses assigned to fragment ions from non-enriched plasma samples. By applying OxoScan-MS to quantify 1,002 glycopeptide features in the plasma glycoproteomes from patients with COVID-19 and healthy controls, we found that severe COVID-19 induces differential glycosylation in IgA, haptoglobin, transferrin and other disease-relevant plasma glycoproteins. OxoScan-MS may allow for the quantitative mapping of glycoproteomes at the scale of hundreds to thousands of samples.
Journal Nature Biomedical Engineering
Pages Epub ahead of print