Relationship between HIV coinfection, interleukin 10 production, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis in human lymph node granulomas

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 Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV)-infected persons are more susceptible to tuberculosis than HIV-uninfected persons. Low peripheral CD4 T-cell count is not the sole cause of higher susceptibility, because HIV-infected persons with a high peripheral CD4 T-cell count and those prescribed successful antiretroviral therapy (ART) remain more prone to active tuberculosis than HIV-uninfected persons. We hypothesized that the increase in susceptibility is caused by the ability of HIV to manipulate Mycobacterium tuberculosis-associated granulomas.

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Volume 214
Issue number 9
Pages 1309-1318
Available online
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