The receptor DNGR-1 signals for phagosomal rupture to promote cross-presentation of dead-cell-associated antigens
Authors listJohnathan Canton Hanna Blees Conor Henry Michael Buck Oliver Schulz Neil Rogers Eleanor Childs Santiago Zelenay Hefin Rhys MC Domart Lucy Collinson Andres Alloatti Cara J Ellison Sebastian Amigorena Venizelos Papagiannopoulos David C Thomas Felix Randow Caetano Reis e Sousa
Type 1 conventional dendritic (cDC1) cells are necessary for cross-presentation of many viral and tumor antigens to CD8+ T cells. cDC1 cells can be identified in mice and humans by high expression of DNGR-1 (also known as CLEC9A), a receptor that binds dead-cell debris and facilitates XP of corpse-associated antigens. Here, we show that DNGR-1 is a dedicated XP receptor that signals upon ligand engagement to promote phagosomal rupture. This allows escape of phagosomal contents into the cytosol, where they access the endogenous major histocompatibility complex class I antigen processing pathway. The activity of DNGR-1 maps to its signaling domain, which activates SYK and NADPH oxidase to cause phagosomal damage even when spliced into a heterologous receptor and expressed in heterologous cells. Our data reveal the existence of innate immune receptors that couple ligand binding to endocytic vesicle damage to permit MHC class I antigen presentation of exogenous antigens and to regulate adaptive immunity.
Journal Nature Immunology
Issue number 2