Usp28 counteracts Fbw7 in intestinal homeostasis and cancerMore about Open Access at the Crick
Authors listMarkus E Diefenbacher Atanu Chakraborty Sophia M Blake Richard Mitter Nikita Popov Martin Eilers Axel Behrens
The stability of several oncoproteins, including c-Myc, is regulated by ubiquitin-dependent degradation mediated by the SCF(Fbw7) ubiquitin ligase. This activity is antagonized by the deubiquitinase Usp28, which is highly expressed in murine and human intestinal cancers. Usp28 was previously shown to interact with its substrates via a "piggyback" interaction with Fbw7, which suggested that Fbw7 is required for Usp28 activity. Unexpectedly, we found that genetic deletion of Usp28 rescued the lethality of Fbw7-deficient primary fibroblasts. Moreover, Usp28 inactivation in the intestine (Usp28(ΔIEC)) ameliorated the hyperproliferation and the impaired goblet and Paneth cell differentiation observed in Fbw7(ΔIEC) mice. The aggressive intestinal tumor formation of APC(Min/+); Fbw7(ΔIEC) mice was restrained when Usp28 was inactivated concomitantly. In both fibroblasts and intestinal cells, Usp28 deficiency corrected the accumulation of SCF(Fbw7) substrate proteins, including NICD1, c-Jun, and c-Myc. These findings suggested that Usp28 function does not depend on the presence of Fbw7, but instead independently recognizes and deubiquitylates the same substrates as SCF(Fbw7). Fbw7 binds to a phosphorylated motif termed the phosphodegron and we found that Usp28 also interacted with this same motif, but only when it is unphosphorylated, offering a mechanistic explanation for identical substrate selection by Fbw7 and Usp28. Our results indicate an unusually direct antagonism between an E3 ligase and a deubiquitinase, Fbw7 and Usp28, in modulating intestinal homeostasis and cancer.